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School connectedness as psychological resilience factor in children affected by HIV/AIDS

About the Course:

This course examines children in South Africa who became orphans as a result of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. Orphanhood is associated with a significant detrimental impact on child mental health outcomes. These children have the stigma of being orphans in addition the HIV/AIDS stigma. AIDS orphanhood also appears to be associated with many externalizing problems. It is likely that there are multiple risk and resilience factors at play. However, school connectedness is a resilience factor that has received relatively little attention in Orphan and Vulnerable Children literature. The authors test the hypothesis that school connectedness can have a positive impact on HIV/AIDS orphans.

Publication Date:


Course Material Authors

Carla Sharp, PhD

Dr. Sharp trained as a clinical psychologist (University of Stellenbosch, South Africa) from 1994-1997, after which she completed a Ph.D. in Developmental Psychopathology at Cambridge University, UK. Her published work includes over 220 peer-reviewed publications and numerous chapters reflecting her interests in the social-cognitive basis of psychiatric problems and problems of behavioral health, and the application of this work in developing diagnostic tools and interventions in youth.

Francesca Penner

Francesca is a fourth-year doctoral student in the Developmental Psychopathology Lab. She received her undergraduate degree from the University of Chicago and her Master’s degree from Vanderbilt University, where she was also a research assistant for a preventive intervention trial for families with a history of parental depression.

Lochner Marais, PhD

Lochner Marais holds a Ph.D in Geography from the University of the Free State. He has authored, co-authored and compiled more than 150 research reports, including 100 refereed articles in peer-reviewed journals or books and co-edited three books (79 journal articles, 24 book chapters and 3 conference proceedings). He has supervised 53 post-graduate students at Master’s (48) and Ph.D (6) level across three faculties and eight departments or programmes. His’ research and teaching activities are focused on the areas of housing policy and migration, local economic development and more recently he is in the process of focusing on urban health issues (including mental health) and mining settlements

Recommended For:

Counselors, marriage and family therapists, psychologists and social workers. This course is appropriate for all levels of knowledge.

Course Objectives:

  1. Acknowledge the devastating impact the AIDS epidemic has had on children in South Africa and sub-Saharan Africa.

  2. Identify the risk of developing psychiatric disorders in orphans.

  3. Recognize that school connectedness may be a protective factor against the development of psychiatric disorders.

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American Psychological Association (APA)

CE Learning Systems is approved by the American Psychological Association to sponsor continuing education for psychologists. CE Learning Systems maintains responsibility for this program and its content.

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Association of Social Work Boards (ASWB)

Our Provider Number: 1020

CE Learning Systems,LLC, provider #1020, is approved to offer social work continuing education by the Association of Social Work Boards (ASWB) Approved Continuing Education (ACE) program. Organizations, not individual courses, are approved as ACE providers. State and provincial regulatory boards have the final authority to determine whether an individual course may be accepted for continuing education credit. CE Learning Systems, LLC maintains responsibility for this course. ACE provider approval period: 2/23/2019 – 2/23/2022. Social workers completing this course receive 1 clinical continuing education credit(s).

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National Board for Certified Counselors (NBCC)

Our Provider Number: 5951

CE Learning Systems, service provider of has been approved by NBCC as an Approved Continuing Education Provider, ACEP No. 5951. Programs that do not qualify for NBCC credit are clearly identified. CE Learning Systems is solely responsible for all aspects of the programs.

NBCC Counselors completing this course will receive 1 credit.

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NAADAC, the Association for Addiction Professionals (NAADAC)

Our Provider Number: 192243

This course has been approved by CE Learning Systems, service provider of, as a NAADAC Approved Education Provider, for educational credits. NAADAC Provider #107243, CE Learning Systems is responsible for all aspects of their programming.

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National Association of School Psychologists (NASP)

NASP accepts 30 CPD credits of sequenced self-study per each three year renewal.

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American Academy of Health Care Providers in the Addictive Disorders (AAHCPAD)

Our Provider Number: 17-1460

CE Learning Systems dba has been approved to offer Continuing Education credit for Certified Addiction Specialists (CAS) in accordance with the American Academy of Health Care Providers in the Addictive Disorders. Approval No. 17-1460.

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Course Material

References begin on page 40.

Exam Questions

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Course Number 102582
1 credit hour
  • Online Article
Exam Fee: $6.97No exam fee with a Plus or Unlimited membership package!
4.3 out of 5
21 members have taken this course