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Women's Pathways to Jail: The Roles & Intersections of Serious Mental illness & Trauma

This course was updated 29 days ago . If you're about to take the exam, you may benefit from reviewing the exam questions listed below before starting on the actual exam.

About the Course:

This research study assessed the prevalence of serious mental illness, posttraumatic stress disorder, and substance abuse disorders in female offenders. This study furthermore examined how onset of different types of criminal activity and delinquency vary as a function of mental health status and trauma exposure. Additionally, the researchers interviewed corrections staff members at participating institutions to assess staff members’ perceptions about the prevalence of mental health difficulties in women in jail as well as staff beliefs about women’s pathways to jail. Understanding female offenders’ pathways to offending, including both risk for onset and risk for continued offending, helps demonstrate the complexity of their experiences and identify risk factors and intervening variables. The findings from this research project have important implications for gender-responsive, trauma-informed programming, including prevention, risk reduction, staff training, and interventions directed toward the rehabilitative needs of justice-involved women and girls.


Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA): U.S. Department of Justice

Publication Date:

September 2012

Course Material Author

Shannon M. Lynch, Ph.D., Dana D. DeHart, Ph.D., Joanne Belknap, Ph.D., & Bonnie L. Green, Ph.D.

This multi-site research was funded and published through a grant from the Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA), U.S. Department of Justice.

Course Creator

Keith Gibson

Dr. Gibson is a Clinical Psychologist with over 30 years in research, clinical and consulting practice. He has also held leadership roles in research administration and program evaluation and more recently has specialized in program evaluation and system analysis. He draws upon his years of expertise as a practicing psychologist, administrator, researcher and technologist to help universities evaluate their programs to implement, meet, and maintain CACREP standards.

Recommended For:

This course is recommended for health care professionals, especially psychologists, counselors, social workers, and nurses who seek knowledge about mental illness, PTSD, and substance abuse in female offenders. It is appropriate for all levels of participants’ knowledge.

Course Objectives:

  1. Describe the prevalence of serious mental illness, posttraumatic stress disorder, and substance use disorders in female offenders.

  2. Describe the relationships between trauma/victimization, mental illness, substance use, and offending in women.

  3. Describe the perspectives of correctional staff regarding the roles of mental illness, trauma/victimization, and history of substance use in female offenders, as well as the concerns and recommendations of correctional staff.

  4. Discuss the implications of this research for gender-responsive, trauma-informed programming, including prevention, risk reduction, staff training, and interventions directed toward the rehabilitative needs of justice-involved women and girls.

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American Psychological Association (APA)

CE Learning Systems is approved by the American Psychological Association to sponsor continuing education for psychologists. CE Learning Systems maintains responsibility for this program and its content.

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National Board for Certified Counselors (NBCC)

Our Provider Number: 5951

CE Learning Systems, service provider of has been approved by NBCC as an Approved Continuing Education Provider, ACEP No. 5951. Programs that do not qualify for NBCC credit are clearly identified. CE Learning Systems is solely responsible for all aspects of the programs.

NBCC Counselors completing this course will receive 3 credits.

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NAADAC, the Association for Addiction Professionals (NAADAC)

Our Provider Number: 192243

This course has been approved by CE Learning Systems, service provider of, as a NAADAC Approved Education Provider, for educational credits. NAADAC Provider #107243, CE Learning Systems is responsible for all aspects of their programming.

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National Association of School Psychologists (NASP)

NASP accepts 30 CPD credits of sequenced self-study per each three year renewal.

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American Academy of Health Care Providers in the Addictive Disorders (AAHCPAD)

Our Provider Number: 17-1460

CE Learning Systems dba has been approved to offer Continuing Education credit for Certified Addiction Specialists (CAS) in accordance with the American Academy of Health Care Providers in the Addictive Disorders. Approval No. 17-1460.

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Course Article

References begin on page 72.

Exam Questions

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Course Number 102134
3 credit hours
  • Online Article
Exam Fee: $20.91No exam fee with a Plus or Unlimited membership package!
4.4 out of 5
251 members have taken this course